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234263全一册 417页
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CHAPTER Ⅰ.INTRODUCTION    14
    1.Composition and Compositions    14
    2.Purpose of this Book    14
    3.Your Advantage    15
    4.Your Special Difficulties    15
    5.Rhctoric    16
CHAPTER Ⅱ.MECHANICS OF COMPOSITION    16
    6.Materials    16
    7.One Side or Tow Sides?    17
    8.Margins    17
    9.Spaeing    17
    10.Titles    19
    11.Paging    19
    12.Folding    19
    13.Endorsing    19
    14.Spelling    20
    15.Syllabication    21
    16.Underlining    21
    17.Italics    22
    18.Omissions,Corrections,and Insertions    24
    19.A Warning    25
CHAPTER Ⅲ.LEARNING TO WRITE    26
    20.Something to Say    26
    21.How to Say it    26
    22.A Consolation    26
    23.Others may have Said it Before You    27
    24.What to Read    27
    25.How to Read    28
    26.Some Dictionaries Recommended    28
    27.Self-cultivation    36
    28.Writing from Memory    36
    29.Imitation,Conscious and Unconscious    37
    30.Reading Dictionaries    37
    31.Expressing Another Person s Thoughts    38
    32.Paraphrasing Sentences    38
    33.Suggestions for Paraphrasing    40
    34.Paraphrasing Paragraphs    43
    35.Paraphrasing Verse    46
    36.Condensing    50
    37.Various Degrees of Condensation    58
    38.Suggestions for Condensing    59
    39.Using Chinese Material    64
    40.Expressing Your Own Thoughts    65
    41.Keeping a Diary    65
    42.Choosing a Subject    65
    43.Choosing a Title    66
    44.Taking Notes    67
    45.Making an Outline    68
    46.Note-taking and Outline-making in the Head    70
    47.Making Outlines of What You Read    71
    48.Expanding an Outline    72
    49.Practice in Composition    75
CHAPTER Ⅳ.WRITING CORRECTLY    75
    50.What is Correct English?    75
    51.Usage    75
    52.Present-day Usage    75
    53.Neologisms    79
    54.English and American Usage    79
    55.Good Usage    94
    56.Expressions Outside of Good Usage    94
    57.Colloquialisms Etc.in Written English    94
    58.You are Quite Safe    95
    59.How You Violate Usage    95
CHAPTER Ⅴ.WRITING CORRECTLY(Continued)    96
    60.Grammar    96
    61.Idiom    96
    62.Grammar and Idiom    97
    63.About the Study of Grammar    98
    64.About the Study of Idiom    100
    65.Some Books Recommended    102
    66.Make Your Own Dictionary of Usage    104
    67.Exercises in Grammar    105
    68.Proper Nouns Used as Common Nouns    117
    69.Nouns Used as Adjectives    119
    70.Singulars and Plurals    125
    71.Nouns Singular Only    125
    72.Nouns Plural Usually or Plural Only    127
    73.Nouns Plural in a Special Usage    128
    74.Nouns of Multitude    132
    75.Abstract Nouns in Plural    133
    76.Material Nouns in Plural    134
    77.Nouns Ending in -ics    135
    78.Some Miscellaneous Nouns    135
    79.Numerals in Plural    149
    80.Number in Nouns Used as Adjectives    150
    81.Number and Articles    151
    82.Plural Subject with Singular Verb    151
    83.Some Knotty Points of Number    153
    84.Gender and Sex    154
    85.Male or Female Beings Considered Neuter    154
    86.Animals Considered Masculine or Feminine Without Ref-erence to Sex    155
    87.Sexless Things Considered Masculine or Feminine    156
    88.Masculine and Feminine Nouns Used as Nouns of Com-mon Gender    157
    89.Feminine Nouns Ending in -ess    157
    90.Nouns Ending in -man    158
    91.Words of Common Gender Made Masculine or Feminine    159
    92.Gender and Number    160
    93.Possessive Case and Of-phrase    160
    94.Subjective and Objective Meanings    160
    95.Possessive Plurals    161
    96.Noun Phrases and Possessive Case    161
    97. s Repeated and Of Repeated    162
    98.Possessive Case and Lifeless Things    163
    99.Idiomatic Uses of Possessive Case    163
    100.Noun Omitted after Possessive    165
    101. Of before Possessive    165
    102.One Noun in Two Cases    165
    103.Pronoun and its Antecedent    166
    104.Lack of a Common-gender Third-person-singular Pronoun    167
    105.A Question of Person    167
    106.Case in Pronouns    168
    107.Objective Used as Predicate Nominative    168
    108.Interrogative Who as Used Objective    169
    109.Relative Whom Used as Nominative    170
    110. Whom Used after Than    170
    111.Nominative or Objective after But ?    170
    112.A Curious Case of Agreement    170
    113.National,Editorial,and Generic Uses of We    172
    114.Generic Use of You    172
    115.Indefinite Use of They    172
    116.Generic Use of One    173
    117.Idiomatic Uses of It    175
    118.Two Distinct Constructions of It...That    179
    119.Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses    180
    120.The Relative Pronouns Who , Which ,and That    185
    121.Three Points of Choice between Who(m) and Which    189
    122.Two Relative Clauses Linked by And or But    189
    123.Omission of Relative Pronouns    190
    124. Which Without Definite Antecedent    192
    125. As as Relative Pronoun    194
    126. Who as Indefinite Relative Pronoun    195
    127. What Preceding Statement    195
    128. One Another and Each Other    195
    129.Adjectives Used as Nouns    196
    130.Exact Senses of Adjectives    198
    131.A Curious Point about Comparatives    200
    132.Two Curious Uses of Superlatives    200
    133. A Most Followed by Adjective    201
    134. "Worth" Taking an Object    202
    135. The Matter    203
    136. Nothing Much    203
    137.Articles    203
    138. A and Abstract Nouns    204
    139.Some Words Often Mistaken for Abstract Nouns    205
    140.Generic Use of Articles    206
    141.Position of A (or An )    207
    142. The Giving Common Noun Abstract Sense    208
    143.Articles and Proper Nouns    209
    144.Omission of Articles    212
    145.Repetition of Articles    214
    146.Final Remarks on Articles    215
    147.Transitive and Intransitive Verbs    218
    148.Absolute Use of Transitive Verbs    220
    149.Copulative Verbs    221
    150.Factitive Verbs    223
    151.Verbs Taking Double Object    225
    152.Tense and Time    230
    153.Present Tense Referring to Future    230
    154.Present Tense Referring to Past    231
    155.Past Tense Referring to Future    232
    156.Present Perfect Tense vs Past Tense    234
    157.Past Perfect Tense    237
    158.Perfect Tense vs Factitive Have with Past Participle as Complement    238
    159.Continuous Tenses    239
    160. Always with Continuous Tenses    240
    161. Be in Continuous Tenses    241
    162. Used Followed by Infinitive    241
    163. Be Followed by Infinitive    243
    164. Have Followed by Infinitive    244
    165.Infinitive without To    244
    166.Split Infinitives    247
    107. To Standing for Infinitive    248
    168. To Followed by Gerund    248
    169.Infinitive or Gerund?    251
    170. Enough Qualified by Infinitive    272
    171. Too Qualified by Infinitive    274
    172.Active and Passive Infinitives    275
    173.Active and Passive Gerunds    278
    174.Gerunds Used as Adjectives    279
    175.Gerund and Possessive    280
    176.Fused Participles    282
    177.Present Participle Separated from Subject by Predicate Verb    284
    178.Unattached Participles    284
    179.Intransitive Past Participles Used as Adjectives    287
    180. Shall and Will , Should and Would    288
    181.Subjunctive Mood    299
    182.Sequence of Tenses    305
    183. The as Adverb    307
    184.Double Adverbial The    307
    185.Quasi-adverbs    308
    186.Prepositions    309
    187.Idiomatic Uses of Prepositions    310
    188.Prepositions before Particular Words    310
    189.Prepositions after Particular Words    312
    190.Omission of Prepositions    316
    191.Prepositions Governing Words Other than Nouns and Pronouns    319
    192.That-clause in Apposition to Nouns    322
    193.That-clause Qualifying Adjectives and Past Participles    324
    194.That-clause Used after Verbs    325
    195.That-clause Qualifying So and Such    328
    196.Idiomatic Uses of That    328
    197.Omission of That    328
    198. And Expressing Result    329
    199. Or Meaning Otherwise    330
    200.Idiomatic Uses of If    330
    201. Than with Ellipsis    330
    202. When as Relative Conjunction    331
    203. As Well As    331
    204. Though...Yet...    332
    205.Indirect Questions    332
    206.Negative Inversion    333
CHAPTER Ⅵ.WRITING WELL    333
    207.What is Good Writing?    333
    208.Superstitions    334
    209.Diction and Sentence Structure    336
    210.The Exact Word    336
    211.Specifie and General Words    341
    212.Plain and Pretentious Words    341
    213.Idiomatic Phrases and Idiomatic Uses of Plain Words    343
    214. Fine Writing    345
    215.Hackneyed Phrases    347
    216.Words Used Too Often    347
    217.Economy of Words    348
    218.Periodic and Loose Sentences    350
    219.Qualities of a Good Sentence    352
    220.Unity    354
    221.Coherence    357
    222.Emphasis    364
    223.Euphony    369
CHAPTER Ⅶ.PARAGRAPHS    372
    224.What is a Paragraph?    372
    225.Length of Paragraphs    373
    226.Paragraphs and Outline    373
    227.Topic Sentence    373
    228.Paragraph Development    380
    229.Qualities of a Good Paragraph    380
    230.Transition between Paragraphs    382
CHAPTER Ⅷ.FORMS OF COMPOSITION    385
    231.Narration,Deseription,Exposition,and Argument    385
    232.Point of View in Narration    385
    233.What Tense to Use?    388
    234. Story Style and News Style    389
    235.Plain Account of Events    390
    236.Artistic,Practical,and Scientific Description    391
    237.Avoid Fine Writing    392
    238.What is Beautiful Language?    392
    239.Examples of Artistic Description    396
    240.Practical Description    402
    241.Exposition is Explanation    405
    242.Definition    405
    243.What to Avoid in Exposition    407
    244.Examples of Exposition    408
    245.Argument and Exposition    414
    246.Question and Ahswer    414
    247.What to Avoid in Argument    414
    248.Formal and Inforinal Argument    416
    249.Examples of Argument    416

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册编号 目录
234263CHAPTERⅠ.INTRODUCTION.CompositionandCompositions.PurposeofthisBook.YourAdvantage.YourSpecialDifficulties.RhctoricCHAPTERⅡ.MECHANICSOFCOMPOSITION.Materials.OneSideorTowSides?.Margins.Spaeing.Titles.Paging.Folding.Endorsing.Spelling.Syllabication.Underlining.Italics.Omissions,Corrections,andInsertions.AWarningCHAPTERⅢ.LEARNINGTOWRITE.SomethingtoSay.HowtoSayit.AConsolation.OthersmayhaveSaiditBeforeYou.WhattoRead.HowtoRead.SomeDictionariesRecommended.Self-cultivation.WritingfromMemory.Imitation,ConsciousandUnconscious.ReadingDictionaries.ExpressingAnotherPersonsThoughts.ParaphrasingSentences.SuggestionsforParaphrasing.ParaphrasingParagraphs.ParaphrasingVerse.Condensing.VariousDegreesofCondensation.SuggestionsforCondensing.UsingChineseMaterial.ExpressingYourOwnThoughts.KeepingaDiary.ChoosingaSubject.ChoosingaTitle.TakingNotes.MakinganOutline.Note-takingandOutline-makingintheHead.MakingOutlinesofWhatYouRead.ExpandinganOutline.PracticeinCompositionCHAPTERⅣ.WRITINGCORRECTLY.WhatisCorrectEnglish?.Usage.Present-dayUsage.Neologisms.EnglishandAmericanUsage.GoodUsage.ExpressionsOutsideofGoodUsage.ColloquialismsEtc.inWrittenEnglish.YouareQuiteSafe.HowYouViolateUsageCHAPTERⅤ.WRITINGCORRECTLY(Continued).Grammar.Idiom.GrammarandIdiom.AbouttheStudyofGrammar.AbouttheStudyofIdiom.SomeBooksRecommended.MakeYourOwnDictionaryofUsage.ExercisesinGrammar.ProperNounsUsedasCommonNouns.NounsUsedasAdjectives.SingularsandPlurals.NounsSingularOnly.NounsPluralUsuallyorPluralOnly.NounsPluralinaSpecialUsage.NounsofMultitude.AbstractNounsinPlural.MaterialNounsinPlural.NounsEndingin-ics.SomeMiscellaneousNouns.NumeralsinPlural.NumberinNounsUsedasAdjectives.NumberandArticles.PluralSubjectwithSingularVerb.SomeKnottyPointsofNumber.GenderandSex.MaleorFemaleBeingsConsideredNeuter.AnimalsConsideredMasculineorFeminineWithoutRef-erencetoSex.SexlessThingsConsideredMasculineorFeminine.MasculineandFeminineNounsUsedasNounsofCom-monGender.FeminineNounsEndingin-ess.NounsEndingin-man.WordsofCommonGenderMadeMasculineorFeminine.GenderandNumber.PossessiveCaseandOf-phrase.SubjectiveandObjectiveMeanings.PossessivePlurals.NounPhrasesandPossessiveCase.sRepeatedandOfRepeated.PossessiveCaseandLifelessThings.IdiomaticUsesofPossessiveCase.NounOmittedafterPossessive.OfbeforePossessive.OneNouninTwoCases.PronounanditsAntecedent.LackofaCommon-genderThird-person-singularPronoun.AQuestionofPerson.CaseinPronouns.ObjectiveUsedasPredicateNominative.InterrogativeWhoasUsedObjective.RelativeWhomUsedasNominative.WhomUsedafterThan.NominativeorObjectiveafterBut?.ACuriousCaseofAgreement.National,Editorial,andGenericUsesofWe.GenericUseofYou.IndefiniteUseofThey.GenericUseofOne.IdiomaticUsesofIt.TwoDistinctConstructionsofIt...That.DefiningandNon-definingRelativeClauses.TheRelativePronounsWho,Which,andThat.ThreePointsofChoicebetweenWho(m)andWhich.TwoRelativeClausesLinkedbyAndorBut.OmissionofRelativePronouns.WhichWithoutDefiniteAntecedent.AsasRelativePronoun.WhoasIndefiniteRelativePronoun.WhatPrecedingStatement.OneAnotherandEachOther.AdjectivesUsedasNouns.ExactSensesofAdjectives.ACuriousPointaboutComparatives.TwoCuriousUsesofSuperlatives.AMostFollowedbyAdjective."Worth"TakinganObject.TheMatter.NothingMuch.Articles.AandAbstractNouns.SomeWordsOftenMistakenforAbstractNouns.GenericUseofArticles.PositionofA(orAn).TheGivingCommonNounAbstractSense.ArticlesandProperNouns.OmissionofArticles.RepetitionofArticles.FinalRemarksonArticles.TransitiveandIntransitiveVerbs.AbsoluteUseofTransitiveVerbs.CopulativeVerbs.FactitiveVerbs.VerbsTakingDoubleObject.TenseandTime.PresentTenseReferringtoFuture.PresentTenseReferringtoPast.PastTenseReferringtoFuture.PresentPerfectTensevsPastTense.PastPerfectTense.PerfectTensevsFactitiveHavewithPastParticipleasComplement.ContinuousTenses.AlwayswithContinuousTenses.BeinContinuousTenses.UsedFollowedbyInfinitive.BeFollowedbyInfinitive.HaveFollowedbyInfinitive.InfinitivewithoutTo.SplitInfinitives.ToStandingforInfinitive.ToFollowedbyGerund.InfinitiveorGerund?.EnoughQualifiedbyInfinitive.TooQualifiedbyInfinitive.ActiveandPassiveInfinitives.ActiveandPassiveGerunds.GerundsUsedasAdjectives.GerundandPossessive.FusedParticiples.PresentParticipleSeparatedfromSubjectbyPredicateVerb.UnattachedParticiples.IntransitivePastParticiplesUsedasAdjectives.ShallandWill,ShouldandWould.SubjunctiveMood.SequenceofTenses.TheasAdverb.DoubleAdverbialThe.Quasi-adverbs.Prepositions.IdiomaticUsesofPrepositions.PrepositionsbeforeParticularWords.PrepositionsafterParticularWords.OmissionofPrepositions.PrepositionsGoverningWordsOtherthanNounsandPronouns.That-clauseinAppositiontoNouns.That-clauseQualifyingAdjectivesandPastParticiples.That-clauseUsedafterVerbs.That-clauseQualifyingSoandSuch.IdiomaticUsesofThat.OmissionofThat.AndExpressingResult.OrMeaningOtherwise.IdiomaticUsesofIf.ThanwithEllipsis.WhenasRelativeConjunction.AsWellAs.Though...Yet....IndirectQuestions.NegativeInversionCHAPTERⅥ.WRITINGWELL.WhatisGoodWriting?.Superstitions.DictionandSentenceStructure.TheExactWord.SpecifieandGeneralWords.PlainandPretentiousWords.IdiomaticPhrasesandIdiomaticUsesofPlainWords.FineWriting.HackneyedPhrases.WordsUsedTooOften.EconomyofWords.PeriodicandLooseSentences.QualitiesofaGoodSentence.Unity.Coherence.Emphasis.EuphonyCHAPTERⅦ.PARAGRAPHS.WhatisaParagraph?.LengthofParagraphs.ParagraphsandOutline.TopicSentence.ParagraphDevelopment.QualitiesofaGoodParagraph.TransitionbetweenParagraphsCHAPTERⅧ.FORMSOFCOMPOSITION.Narration,Deseription,Exposition,andArgument.PointofViewinNarration.WhatTensetoUse?.StoryStyleandNewsStyle.PlainAccountofEvents.Artistic,Practical,andScientificDescription.AvoidFineWriting.WhatisBeautifulLanguage?.ExamplesofArtisticDescription.PracticalDescription.ExpositionisExplanation.Definition.WhattoAvoidinExposition.ExamplesofExposition.ArgumentandExposition.QuestionandAhswer.WhattoAvoidinArgument.FormalandInforinalArgument.ExamplesofArgument